By Felicia Farnsworth

The Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr was known for his peaceful activism for civil rights, poverty, capitalism, and desegregation.

He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955. As president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), he led the unsuccessful Albany Movement in Albany, Georgia.

He also helped organize some of the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama.

While Dr. King was doing his best to make a change in our world, including a sermon entitled “Sleeping Through a Revolution,” for the 54th anniversary of G. W. Smiley at the Elizabeth Baptist Church on May 3, 1959; powers that be had other plans for him.

He was investigated by J. Edgar Hoover as a radical with communist ties. He even went as far as to send a threatening anonymous letter in hopes that it would entice him to commit suicide.

King was ultimately assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee.

Dr. King has paved the way for African American’s civil rights and desegregation.

Through his Christian beliefs, he stayed focused on being nonviolent in everything he did. Because of his work he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal.

He has numerous streets named after him, including one in Union Springs, and in 1986 President Ronald Reagan established Dr. Martin Luther King Day on January 15 which is also his birthday.

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